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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 213-219

Comparison of clinical outcome between 23-G and 25-G vitrectomy in diabetic patients

Retina Foundation, Asopalav Eye Hospital, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Eman Abo Taleb
Regional Hospital for Vitreoretina and Eye Care, Sana'a, Yemen

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ojo.OJO_42_2016

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PURPOSE: To compare the clinical outcomes and complications between 23-G and 25-G vitrectomy in patients with diabetic vitreous hemorrhage (VH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective comparative study comprising 69 eyes (36 eyes in 23-G group and 33 eyes in 25-G group) of 65 patients who underwent vitrectomy with air tamponade for diabetic vitreous hemorrhage (VH) with at least 6 months of follow-up was conducted. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, gender, bilaterality, type of diabetes, presence of hypertension, lens status, and previous argon laser photocoagulation state (P > 0.05). Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of both groups at postoperative 1 month logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) (1.06 ± 0.99, 0.90 ± 0.96), 3 months logMAR (1.07 ± 0.93, 0.83 ± 0.85), and 6 months logMAR (1.03 ± 0.89, 0.83 ± 0.85) significantly improved from the preoperative BCVA logMAR (2.03 ± 0.83, 2.15 ± 0.99) for 23-G group, 25-G group, respectively (P < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in BCVA between the two groups preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively (P = 0.566, 0.506, 0.333, and 0.445, respectively), incidence of intraoperative wound suturing (21.4%, 15.2%), postoperative hypotony (0.0%, 0.0%), early postoperative VH (POVH) (11.1%, 15.2%), late POVH (5.6%, 0.0%), retinal detachment (2.8%, 6.1%), neovascular glaucoma (92.8%, 9.1%), and endophthalmitis (0.0%, 0.0%) for 23-G group, 25-G group, respectively (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: 25-G vitrectomy is as effective for PDR as 23-G vitrectomy.

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