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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 136-143

Systematic review: SARS-COV-2 contagion prevention measures in vision health professionals

1 Institute of Ophthalmology Conde de Valenciana, Mexico City, Mexico; CAIPaDi, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City, Mexico
2 Centre for Health Systems Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, México
3 Institute of Ophthalmology Conde de Valenciana, Mexico City, Mexico
4 Department of Epidemiology, National Cancer Institute, Mexico City, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Liliana Perez.Peralta
Institute of Ophthalmology Conde de Valenciana, Mexico City, Mexico, CAIPaDi, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubiran, Mexico City
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_134_21

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The disease, which originated from the SARS-CoV-2 virus, is primarily transmitted by direct contact with infected individuals. Visual healthcare professionals perform clinical practices that pose a significant risk of infection due to their proximity with patients during the examination. This systematic review aims to identify preventive measures that will aid in reducing the risk of infection during standard appointments between patients and visual health professionals. A systematic review was done for articles published in indexed journals from December 2019 to December 2020. The search for these articles was done in 3 electronic databases. As part of the search criteria, articles were selected if they had the keywords (SARS-CoV-2), (COVID-19), and coronavirus combined with ophthalmology, optometry, eye care, and the eye. Once duplicated and unrelated items were eliminated, 36 articles of interest were selected. Seven sections were described in detail: telephone screening, (COVID-19) triage, decreasing transmission within shared spaces, hand washing, use of personal protective equipment Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), cleaning of diagnostic instruments, and use of telemedicine. This paper helps healthcare professionals to better understand the context of the “new normal” clinical practice. Visual health professionals and their patients must adhere to norms and use the indicated PPE during the consultation to safeguard each other.

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