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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 153-158

Clinical profile, treatment, and visual outcome of scleritis: A single ophthalmologist experience

Department of Uvea, Sankara Nethralaya Medical and Vision Research Foundations, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Jyotirmay Biswas
Department of Uveitis and Ocular Pathology, Sankara Nethralaya, 41 College Road, Nungambakkam, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_168_21

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PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical profile of patients with scleritis managed by a single ophthalmologist in a tertiary eye care center. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 107 eyes of 96 patients with scleritis from January 2007 to December 2018. RESULTS: Female predominance (68%) with a relatively young-onset (46 ± 14 years) of scleritis was observed. Diffuse anterior scleritis (41%) was the most common subtype of scleritis, and the most common systemic association was rheumatoid arthritis (18%). Three-fourth of patients received immunosuppressive treatment (74%) along with corticosteroids. The mean follow-up period was 3 ± 2.5 (range: 0.6–10) years. Necrotizing scleritis was at a 3.5 times higher risk of developing ocular complications. Eighty percent of patients maintained the same vision. Recurrence of scleritis was noted in 25 eyes (23%). CONCLUSION: Diffuse scleritis is the most common scleritis in our population. Tuberculosis was commonly seen with diffuse scleritis. The likelihood of developing ocular complications (cataract and glaucoma) was higher in necrotizing scleritis, thus requiring periodic monitorization.

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