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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 163-167

Diagnostic accuracy of indigenously developed computer-based binocular vision assessment


1 Binocular Vision and Vision Therapy Clinic, Sankara Nethralaya, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Binocular Vision and Vision Therapy Clinic, Sankara Nethralaya; Srimathi Sundari Subramanian Department of Visual Psychophysics, Units of Medical Research Foundation, Nungambakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. P Praveen Kumar
Binocular Vision Clinic, Sankara Nethralaya, Nungambakkam, Chennai - 600 006, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_460_20

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CONTEXT: The increased prevalence of nonstrabismic binocular vision anomalies (NSBVA) has given rise to the need for cost-effective screening and diagnostic tools. AIMS: The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of an indigenously developed computer-based binocular vision assessment software (Train Your Eyes®) in screening NSBVA. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects who visited the binocular vision clinic of a tertiary eye care center with asthenopic symptoms between January 2019 and January 2020 were included in the study. Patients with other ocular comorbidities and stereopsis poorer than 500 arc seconds were excluded. All subjects underwent a comprehensive eye examination followed by binocular vision assessment using both the manual and computer-based methods. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were utilized to choose the cut-off points that maximize the sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: The mean (standard deviation) age of 88 subjects was 22 (4.5) years with 34 males. Based on the conventional manual assessment, 71 (81%) were diagnosed to have NSBVA and 17 (19%) had normal binocular vision. Based on the ROC analysis, the following cut-off points are proposed: 14 prism diopter (PD) for near positive fusional vergence amplitudes, 4.5 PD for near negative fusional vergence amplitudes, 4.5 cycles per minute (cpm) for binocular accommodative facility, and 3.5 cpm for monocular accommodative facility. All the binocular vision parameters demonstrated statistical significance in the ROC analysis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The software-based screening tool was found to be highly sensitive in identifying NSBVA and thus could be used as a potential screening tool in the clinic and community.


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