About OJO | Search | Ahead of print | Current Issue | Archives | Author Instructions | Reviewer Guidelines | Online submissionLogin 
Oman Journal of Ophthalmology Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
  Editorial Board | Subscribe | Advertise | Contact
https://www.omanophthalmicsociety.org/ Users Online: 237  Wide layoutNarrow layoutFull screen layout Home Print this page  Email this page Small font size Default font size Increase font size
ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 274-278

Accommodative esotropia: An outcome analysis from a tertiary center in Oman


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Directorate of Health Services, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Seeb, Oman
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Seeb, Oman

Correspondence Address:
O K Sreelatha
CHC, Kalakkode, Kollam, Kerala
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_80_22

Rights and Permissions

AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the outcome of accommodative esotropia (ET) and influencing factors in young Omani children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort, children diagnosed with accommodative ET who had followed up in a tertiary hospital from 2006 to 2011 were identified. Parameters studied included cycloplegic refraction and its change with time, ocular alignment, binocularity, visual acuity (VA), amblyopia, and requirement for surgery. RESULTS: A total of 51 patients were identified. Twenty-four patients were diagnosed with fully accommodative ET (FAET) and 27 with partially accommodative ET (PAET). The mean (± standard deviation [SD]) age of onset and reporting were 2.6 (±1.58) and 3.2 (±1.84) years in the two groups, respectively. The mean (SD) cycloplegic refraction at presentation was 4.50 (±1.66) in the FAET group and 3.65 (±1.67) in the PAET group. Anisometropia was present in 28% of patients. The mean follow-up period was 4.9 years. The following were detected in the final visit. A reduction in amblyopia from 43% to 6% of patients, binocularity in 75% of patients, and a mean increase of 0.64 (±1.3) D in cycloplegic refraction from the first visit (P = 0.005). The mean angle of deviation at near and distance was 29.86 (±15.21) and 17.80 (±10.14) prism diopters, respectively, in FAET patients and 30.15 (±14.83) and 29.53 (±15.53), respectively, in PAET patients. Thirty-seven percent of the PAET patients underwent surgery within 5 years from diagnosis. All participants in this cohort continued to wear glasses in the last follow-up visit. CONCLUSION: Most children with refractive accommodative ET have an excellent outcome in terms of VA and binocular vision. The PAET group was characterized by delayed reporting, the presence of anisometropia, and lower hypermetropia. Further study is required to determine the possibility of weaning glasses in FAET patients.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed308    
    Printed6    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded34    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal