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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 279-283

Knowledge, attitude, and practice on digital eye strain during coronavirus disease-2019 lockdown: A comparative study

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Regional Institute of Ophthalmology, Kolkata, India
2 Susrut Eye Hospital and Research Centre, Baharampur, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Aindrila Roy
871, Rabindranath Tagore Road, P.O. Bediapara, Kolkata - 700 077, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_135_21

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BACKGROUND: Computer vision syndrome is a group of eye and vision-related problems that result from prolonged computer use. The worldwide pandemic of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) lockdown has led to an increase in the digital screen exposure as jobs as well as academic learning have majorly shifted online. This has caused an increase in digital eye strain (DES) globally. The aims and objectives of this study were to compare the knowledge, attitude, and practices among medical and nonmedical professionals with regard to DES in a background of COVID-19 lockdown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational, online questionnaire-based research survey analysis was conducted among medical professionals with age- and sex-matched nonmedical professionals. Responses were collected over a week and analyzed. The level of significance was set at a P < 0.05. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software version 23.0 was used for the result analysis. RESULTS: Our study included 353 (50.4%) medical and 347 (49.6%) nonmedical personnel. It was noted that 266 (75.4%) of medical professionals and 268 (77.2%) of nonmedical professionals experienced eye problems after prolonged digital screen exposure. A significant proportion of respondents experienced an increase in symptoms following COVID-19 lockdown with 140 (52.6%) being medical professionals and 163 (60.8%) nonmedical professionals (P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: DES is a preventable lifestyle-associated disorder. Awareness among the masses can reduce the adverse effects. Proper lighting, adequate viewing distance, voluntary blinking, and using lubricating eye drops are a few ways to reduce the chances of DES. Further studies are needed to formulate standardized guidelines for the management of DES.

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