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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 315-320

Comparison of IOP obtained in different kind of eyes with contact and no contact tonometers

Department of Medical, Surgical and Dental Specialites, Campania University “Luigi Vanvitelli”, Napoli, Italy

Correspondence Address:
Michele Lanza
Department of Medical, Surgical and Dental Specialites, Università della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli, Via De Crecchio 16, Napoli
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_147_21

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BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) values measured in three different kinds of participants such as healthy subjects (HS), keratoconus patients (KP), and those who underwent myopic photorefractive keratectomy (MPRK). The devices used in this study are the Goldmann Applanation Tonometry (GAT), the dynamic contour tonometry (DCT), the ocular response analyzer (ORA), and the Corvis ST (CST). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This research included 92 eyes of 92 h, 63 eyes of 63 KP, and 58 eyes of 58 MPRKM. Each participant underwent a complete ophthalmic evaluation and IOP measurement with GAT, DCT, ORA, and CST. A statistical analysis was conducted to detect possible differences and correlations. RESULTS: First, according to the observed data, HS eyes displayed mean IOP values measured with GAT, DCT, ORA, and CST, respectively, 15.82 ± 2.74 mmHg, 17.63 ± 2.28 mmHg, 16.24 ± 3.14 mmHg, and 17.31 ± 3.21 mmHg. Then, KP eyes showed mean IOP values measured with GAT, DCT, ORA, and CST of, respectively, 14.89 ± 1.64 mmHg, 16.97 ± 2.08 mmHg, 13.09 ± 3.12 mmHg, and 13.78 ± 2.11 mmHg. Finally, MPRK eyes showed mean IOP values measured with GAT, DCT, ORA, and CST of, respectively, 13.92 ± 1.34 mmHg, 15.39 ± 2.86 mmHg, 16.63 ± 2.51 mmHg, and 15.06 ± 1.56 mmHg. CONCLUSION: According to the observed data, ORA and GAT might be used interchangeably in HS, whereas GAT, ORA, and CST in KP eyes. Moreover, it has been noticed that in those eyes that previously undergone a myopic PRK, GAT provided lower values of IOP in comparison with other devices.

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