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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 356-359

Bilateral serous retinal detachment: An initial presentation of mixed phenotype acute leukemia in an adult

1 Ophthalmology Residency Program, Oman Medical Specialty Board, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Al Khoudh, Muscat, Oman

Correspondence Address:
Khulood Al Kalbani
Ophthalmology Resident R4, Oman Medical Specialty Board
Sultanate of Oman
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ojo.ojo_93_22

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A 60-year-old female presented with acute onset painless loss of vision in both eyes. Clinical examination and ocular investigations revealed bilateral serous retinal detachments (SRDs) over the macula. There was no obvious intraocular or extraocular cause to the presentation. A blood count showed leukocytosis with the presence of blast cells on the peripheral smear. Further workup confirmed the diagnosis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive mixed phenotype acute leukemia with central nervous system disease stage three. Anatomic improvement in the SRD followed intensive intravenous and intrathecal chemotherapy. Limited functional improvement was attributed to the development of pigment epitheliopathy manifesting as leopard spot chorioretinopathy. This permanent disturbance could be attributed to leukemic infiltration and ischemia to the choroid.

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