Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10--16

Combined intravitreal bevacizumab with phacoemulsification in visually significant cataract and visually significant exudative maculopathy


Ahmad Mansour1, Ziad F Bashshur2, Tarek A Sibai3, Abla Mehio-Sibai4, Rola N Hamam2 
1 Department of Ophthalmology, AUB, 3 Daghammarskjold Plaza, 8th floor, New York, NY 10017-2303, USA
2 Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
3 Department of Human Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Anderson Hall-Suite 630E, Houston, Texas 77030,U.S.A
4 Department of Population Statistics, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon

Correspondence Address:
Ahmad Mansour
Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, P.O.B 113-6044, Beirut, Lebanon

Purpose : We investigated the visual outcome of combined phacoemulsification with intravitreal bevacizumab, in eyes with dense cataract and visually significant exudative maculopathy. Materials and Methods : Prospective longitudinal pilot study of consecutive patients treated by two surgeons in 2006, using intravitreal bevacizumab at the end of phacoemulsification. The historical control group consisted of consecutive subjects with exudative maculopathy and dense cataract treated by the same surgeons with the help of phacoemulsification without intravitreal bevacizumab prior to 2006. Results : Thirty-one treated patients had the mean (SD) logMar best corrected visual acuity improving from - 1.48 (0.50) preoperatively to - 0.67 (0.38) in the first postoperative week ( p < 0.001), to - 0.64 (0.40) in the first postoperative month ( p < 0.001), and to - 0.62 (0.42) ( p < 0.001) on the last follow-up (mean 4.2 months, range 1 - 9 months). Fourteen control patients had the mean (SD) logMar best corrected visual acuity improving from - 1.78 (0.79) preoperatively, to - 0.91 (0.53) in the first postoperative week ( p < 0.001), to - 0.86 (0.45) in the first postoperative month ( p < 0.001), and to - 0.90 (0.47) ( p < 0.001) on the last follow- up (mean 19.6 months, range 1 - 49 months). Initial visual acuities, final visual acuities, and percentage of visual improvement at one month were all not significantly better in the intervention compared to the control group at one month. In the study group, the fovea was flattened at the one-month follow-up, by 90-diopter slit lamp examination and / or Optical coherence tomography. Conclusion : The combination of intravitreal bevacizumab and phacoemulsification is beneficial for maximal visual rehabilitation in the first postoperative month.


How to cite this article:
Mansour A, Bashshur ZF, Sibai TA, Mehio-Sibai A, Hamam RN. Combined intravitreal bevacizumab with phacoemulsification in visually significant cataract and visually significant exudative maculopathy.Oman J Ophthalmol 2011;4:10-16


How to cite this URL:
Mansour A, Bashshur ZF, Sibai TA, Mehio-Sibai A, Hamam RN. Combined intravitreal bevacizumab with phacoemulsification in visually significant cataract and visually significant exudative maculopathy. Oman J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2022 Oct 6 ];4:10-16
Available from: https://www.ojoonline.org/article.asp?issn=0974-620X;year=2011;volume=4;issue=1;spage=10;epage=16;aulast=Mansour;type=0