Oman Journal of Ophthalmology

REVIEW ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3--9

Choroidal melanoma


Parul Singh1, Abhishek Singh2 
1 Department of Ophthalmology V. C. S. G. Government Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India
2 Department of Radiotherapy and Clinical Oncology, V. C. S. G. Government Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Parul Singh
Department of Ophthalmology, V. C. S. G. Government Medical Sciences and Research Institute, Srinagar Garhwal, Uttarakhand
India

Choroidal melanoma is the most common primary intra-ocular malignant tumor and second most common site of ten malignant melanoma sites in the body. Current diagnosis of choroidal melanoma is based on both the clinical experience of the specialist and modern diagnostic techniques such as indirect ophthalmoscopy, A- and B-ultrasonography scans, fundus fluorescein angiography, and transillumination. Invasive studies such as fine needle aspiration cytology can have significant morbidity and should only be considered if therapeutic intervention is indicated and diagnosis cannot be established by any other means. Several modes of treatment are available for choroidal melanoma. Multiple factors are taken into account when deciding one approach over other approaches, such as visual acuity of the affected eye, visual acuity of the contralateral eye, tumor size, location, ocular structures involved and presence of metastases. A comprehensive review of literature available in books and indexed journals was done. This article discusses in detail epidemiology, diagnosis, current available treatment options, and prognosis and survival of choroidal melanoma.


How to cite this article:
Singh P, Singh A. Choroidal melanoma.Oman J Ophthalmol 2012;5:3-9


How to cite this URL:
Singh P, Singh A. Choroidal melanoma. Oman J Ophthalmol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2022 Jan 29 ];5:3-9
Available from: https://www.ojoonline.org/article.asp?issn=0974-620X;year=2012;volume=5;issue=1;spage=3;epage=9;aulast=Singh;type=0